The “Mehrbedarf für werdende Mütter” is an additional aid paid to all expectant mothers of working age and non-autonomous from the 12th week of pregnancy. The amounts is the 17% of the corresponding standard benefit (based on the basic standard rate of €432 from 01.01.2020, i.e. €73.44 per month). If the “work capacity” is not provided (e.g. if the person in receipt of social benefits under 15 years of age), the additional benefit is still paid and calculated on the basis of the pregnant woman’s standard benefit according to age.
What is the additional help for pregnancy?
The amount depends on the relevant standard benefit (the full standard requirement according to § 20 SGB II from 01.01.2020 is € 432). According to the standard tariff, pregnant women are entitled to the following benefits depending on their situation:
- Single persons. 17% of the 100% standard benefit (€ 73.44 for 2020);
- Adult members belonging to a household. 17% of 90% of the standard benefit (€66.10 for 2020);
- Other working age members of the household. 17% of 80% standard benefit (€58.75 for 2020).
Contrary to the widespread opinion on the internet that pregnant women are entitled to additional nutritional needs due to special dietary requirements – pregnancy is not an illness, so expectant mothers are not entitled to this supplement.
How to prove that you are entitled to it and how long it lasts
To apply, the Job Center will require a paper proof of pregnancy, such as a medical certificate or a midwife. The entitlement starts at the end of the 12th week of pregnancy (i.e. mathematically at the 85th day of pregnancy) and ends with the actual date of birth. Afterwards, the newborn baby is entitled to the standard tariff for children. It should be remembered that this additional help is only provided if the mother-to-be requests it, so an active application must be submitted to the Job Center.
What do you get from the employment centre if you are pregnant?
Expectant mothers who receive help from the Job Centre are entitled to additional benefits during pregnancy. The purpose of this additional requirement is to cover special expenses incurred during pregnancy. These include, for example: personal hygiene, additional travel costs and an increased need for information.
In addition, pregnant women may apply for additional special assistance in accordance with § 23 para. 3 SGB II (usually 2 or 3 months before the birth) for the first supply of clothing, for pregnancy and childbirth, for the purchase of maternity clothes, for changing furniture, special underwear, nappies, hygiene items, etc.
After birth – Kindergeld, Elterngeld and maintenance allowance
After the birth of the child, mothers are entitled to receive child allowance (Kindergeld) and parental allowance (Elterngeld). However, this is credited in full as income on Hartz IV, provided that the mother/parents were not gainfully employed before the birth of the child.
Otherwise an Elterngeldfreibetrag (credit-free parental allowance) of €300 in accordance with § 10 BEEG can be claimed.
If the mother takes on the responsibility for the care and education of the child on her own, she is also entitled to receive the Mehrbedarf für Alleinerziehende (grant for additional needs of single parents). It should be noted that if the mother is solely responsible for raising the child, the child’s father is obliged to pay child support, which is based on the Düsseldorf scale. If maintenance is not paid, the Jugendamt can pay the mother the maintenance advances (Unterhaltvorschuss) at her request.
Until the age of 3, the mother is even entitled to a child support grant called “Betreeungsunterhalt”. However, this kind of child support will have to be counted in full on Hartz IV as income to cover the child’s needs.
For further and more detailed information on this subject, please contact the Job Center’s offices directly.