The Third Law for the protection of the population in the event of a national epidemic is a new and more detailed law aimed to fight against the spread of the Covid-19. It follows the first two previous laws passed in March and May 2020 and should come into force as early as 1 December 2020.
At his last press conference, German Health Minister Spahn said that the primary intention of this new law is to: support working parents, allow vaccinations also for uninsured people, regulate entry from risk areas through more uniform guidelines, and expand laboratory capacity for testing.
Currently, continued the Minister, we are experiencing a critical phase of the pandemic and the situation is serious. The dynamic nature of the epidemic shows that we need to react quickly to counter the virus effectively and break the chains of infection while protecting the health care system from overloading.
Preparation of vaccination programs
If an ordinance of the Ministry of Health provides for it, vaccination programs and preventive tests can be set up not only for insured persons but also for at-risk persons who have no health insurance. The regulations could also contain regulations for the various services, including those relating to remuneration and billing.
Better tracing of the onset of infection through the Einreiseanmeldung
The current travel regulations will be amended in the event of an epidemic situation of national importance. A travel authorization (Einreiseanmeldung) will be required in the event of a stay in at-risk areas, all this in order to allow better traceability of compliance with quarantine by the competent authorities.
Additional support for working parents
The compensation scheme for parents created by the first Protection Act in March 2020 will also be confirmed in the third Act, the aim can also be paid in the case of a child in quarantine.
The right to compensation for loss of earnings will be changed
Compensation for loss of earnings should be excluded in the future if the quarantine to be dealt with is the direct cause of a journey to an area at risk that could easily have been avoided. The term risk area is legally defined.
Further development of the surveillance tools
To gain further scientific knowledge about the spread of the virus and the course of the pandemic, the law provides for new surveillance tools at the Robert Koch Institute.
Expand the possibilities of the laboratories to carry out tampons
In the interests of efficient use of the available tests, the reserves at medical practice will be expanded so that people can be tested for SARS-CoV-2 much more quickly. If necessary, veterinary clinics could also be used as places where tampons can be done.